Monday, 28 November 2016

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – 300m Twmpau

Cae Canol (SJ 098 172)

This is the sixty first post under the heading of Significant Name Changes, and the following details are in respect of a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 4th May 2016.

The hill is part of Y Berwyn, this is an extensive range of hills in the south-eastern part of north Wales, and the hill is positioned to the south of the B 4393 and between the town of Llanfyllin to its east north-east and the small community of Llanfihangel-yng-Ngwynfa to its west south-west. 

The Trimble GeoXH 6000 gathering data at the summit of Cae Canol

The hill appeared in the 300m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s website under the partly invented name Bryn Cefnllwyni, with an accompanying note stating; Name from buildings to the North-East.  The listing this hill is now a part of is named Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward) and its height and drop was confirmed by the survey with the Trimble. 

Bryn Cefnllwyni
    Name from buildings to the North-East

During my early hill listing I thought it appropriate to either invent a name for a hill, or use a name that appeared near to the summit of the hill on Ordnance Survey maps of the day.  My preference was to use farm names and put Pen, Bryn or Moel in front of them and in this instance, use the name of a near house and prefix it with the word Bryn.  This is not a practice that I now advocate as with a little research either conducted locally or historically an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found. 

The name this hill is now listed by is Cae Canol, and the land that this name is applicable to was confirmed via the Tithe map.  The term Tithe map is generally given to a map of a Welsh or English parish or township and which was prepared after the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act.  This act allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than goods.  The Tithe maps gave names of owners and occupiers of land in each parish and importantly for place-name research they also included the name of enclosed land.  This enclosed land is usually based on a field system, however not every field is given a name, but many are and especially so in Wales.

Accessing information on the Tithe map is simplified by the use of a split screen enabling the summit to be pinpointed on the map on the right and for the same point to appear on the Tithe map on the left

The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Cae Canol on the Tithe map

The enclosed land where the summit of this hill is situated is given the number 141 on the Tithe map, this can be cross referenced against the apportionments; it is these apportionments that give the name of the owner or occupier of the land as well as the name of the land.  The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Cae Canol on the Tithe map; it appears in the county named as Montgomery and in the parish of Llanfihangel-yng-Ngwynfa.

The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Y Berwyn

Name:  Cae Canol

Previously Listed Name:  Bryn Cefnllwyni 

Summit Height:  323.2m (converted to OSGM15)

OS 1:50,000 map:  125

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 09866 17255 
Drop:  40.8m (converted to OSGM15)

Myrddyn Phillips (November 2016)

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