Friday, 9 June 2017

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – Y Trichant


Foel Fawr (SJ 130 146)

This is the seventy sixth post under the heading of Significant Name Changes, and the following details are in respect of a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 4th May 2017.

The hill is a part of the Y Berwyn group of hills, which is situated in the south-eastern part of North Wales (Region A, Sub-Region A4), and is positioned above the small community of Meifod which is towards the south-east of the hill. 

Foel Fawr (SJ 130 146)

The hill appeared in the 300m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s v-g.me website under the partly invented name of Pen Rhosfawr Uchaf, with an accompanying note stating; Name from buildings to the North-East.  The listing this hill is now a part of is named Y Trichant and these are the 300m height band of hills within the Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward) and its summit height and drop was confirmed by a survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000. 


Pen Rhosfawr Uchaf  311m  SJ131147  125239  Name from buildings to the North-East


During my early hill listing I thought it appropriate to either invent a name for a hill, or use a name that appeared near to the summit of the hill on Ordnance Survey maps of the day.  My preference was to use farm names and put Pen, Bryn or Moel in front of them.  This is not a practice that I now advocate as with time and inclination place-name data can be improved either by asking local people or by examining historical documents, through this form of research an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found, and in the case of this hill it was the Tithe map where the name Foel Fawr was derived.

The term Tithe map is generally given to a map of a Welsh or English parish or township and which was prepared after the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act.  This act allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than goods.  The Tithe maps gave names of owners and occupiers of land in each parish and importantly for place-name research they also included the name of enclosed land.  This enclosed land is usually based on a field system, however not every field is given a name, but many are and especially so in Wales.

Accessing information on the Tithe map is simplified with the use of a split screen enabling the boundary of enclosed land to be compared

The enclosed land where the summit of this hill is situated is given the number 234 on the Tithe map, this can be cross referenced against the apportionments; it is these apportionments that give the name of the owner or occupier of the land as well as the name of the land.  The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Foel Fawr on the Tithe map; it appears in the county named as Montgomery and in the parish of Meifod.

When cross referenced in the apportionments the enclosed land is named as Foel Fawr

Therefore the name this hill is now listed by in the Y Trichant and the Twmpau is Foel Fawr and this was derived from the Tithe map. 


The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Y Berwyn

Name:  Foel Fawr

Previously Listed Name:  Pen Rhosfawr Uchaf 

Summit Height:  309.5m (converted to OSGM15)

OS 1:50,000 map:  125

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 13095 14685 
 
Drop:  54.4m (converted to OSGM15)





Myrddyn Phillips (June 2017)












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